This is illustrated in the graphic below.
For stock transfers within the same warehouse complex (that is, within a warehouse number), you can create, manage, and display information about the movement of stock from the time it is received until it leaves the warehouse using the Warehouse Management system (WMS). For stock transfers from one storage location to another storage location, the process begins in the Inventory Management (IM) component and is completed in WMS.
For stock transfer from plant to plant and storage location to storage location, you have three options available:
- Transfers from a WMS storage location to a non-WMS storage location. In WMS, this is processed the same as a goods issue (and subsequent pick).
- Transfers from a non-WMS storage location to a WMS storage location. In WMS, this is processed the same as a goods receipt (and subsequent putaway).
- Transfers from a WMS storage location to another WMS storage location.
When two different warehouses, for example, are assigned to two separate WMS storage locations, this type of transfer is processed the same as a goods issue (and subsequent pick) in the issuing warehouse and as a goods receipt (and subsequent putaway) in the receiving warehouse. If materials are transferred within the same WMS warehouse which is assigned to two separate WMS storage locations, it is handled as a plant to plant posting change. For this type of stock transfer, see Releasing Stock from Inspection.
Carrying out the Transfer
Stock transfers that involve the movement of materials from one storage location to another storage location are first processed using the Inventory Management component. In IM, the transfer of stock from one storage location to another storage location is processed as a transfer posting. Unlike most such changes, however, no posting change notice appears in the WM system.
Only one storage location can be managed in one warehouse number at a time in WMS. It depends upon which storage location is being managed at the time as to whether a putaway or a pick will take place. To clear the stock transfer you must create and confirm a new transfer order based on the material document which was originated in IM. There are two ways to process a stock transfer from one storage location to another storage location:
- You can create a transfer order by selecting from a list of open transfer requirements.
- You can create a transfer order using the material document number (from the IM component) for the stock transfer.
If you process stock transfers by selecting them from a list of transfer requirements, materials that are being transferred out to another storage location are listed as a pick (movement type 311 in the standard system) to the stock transfer interim storage area (storage type 921 in the standard system). When a transfer order has been created from a transfer requirement and confirmed, the negative quant in the stock transfer interim storage area is cleared from WMS.